18 U.S.C. § 1078 (2005).
Although not directly Identity Theft related, Theft of Mail is the common crime my clients are charged with in connection with Identity Theft.
It is a federal crime, punishable by a fine, imprisonment for not more than five years, or both, to steal someone's mail. This means it is a crime to steal, take, destroy, embezzle, or fraudulently obtain-or attempt to do any of the previous-mail from the post office, the postal delivery person, a mailbox, or any other mail receptacle. It is also a crime to steal, take, destroy, embezzle, or fraudulently obtain-or attempt to do any of the previous-mail which has been left for collection at a collection box or other authorized mail depository. Finally, it is a crime to buy, receive, conceal, or unlawfully possess mail which has been stolen, knowing it to be stolen.